I just pruned a couple of roses, one is a one year-old 'Julia Child' floribunda with a few dead canes. The other is a 'Ruby Voodoo' shrub rose (relocated last year, so it's still pretty small). On the 'Julia' you can see all the nice growth at the base, so all I had to do was prune down close to the crown and remove dead canes. Sharp tools are important. I use by-pass pruners, loppers or a saw for large canes on large roses. Do not use non-by pass pruners, they crush stems, photo below.
|'Julia Child' Floribunda|
|Sharp tools are key - by-pass pruners, loppers, hand saw|
|This type of pruner will only crush the rose stems|
|'Ruby Voodoo' Shrub Rose|
Later today I'll water the freshly pruned roses, then carefully work in some dry fertilizer at the base, removing the mulch first then watering again after replacing the mulch. I use Mile-Hi Rose Feed http://www.milehirosefeed.com/, simply the best organic fertilizer out there, I use it on edibles too.
|'Julia Child' all pruned, ready to grow and bloom!|